Friday, May 30, 2008
Nepal's Profile ~~~"MOUNTAIN EVEREST "~~~
Population: 26.3 million (UN, 2005)
Capital : Kathmandu
Area: 147,181 sq km (56,827 sq miles)
Major language: Nepali
Major religions: Hinduism (official), Buddhism
Life expectancy: 61 years (men), 62 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Nepalese rupee = 100 paisa
Main exports: Carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain
GNI per capita: US $270 (World Bank, 2006)
Internet domain: .np
International dialling code: +977
Nepal Map - Interesting Facts
The people of Nepal are used to being on a high, with seven of the eight world's tallest mountains either totally or partly within Nepal's borders.
There is reasonable ethnic diversity here with several groups of people each with their own specialities and customs, like the Sherpas, a group who are specialists in living in the clouds and who originated from Tibet five hundred years ago - 'sherpa' means 'from the east'.
Another famous ethnic group are the Ghurkas. Fearless fighters with amazing stamina, they enjoy beheading their enemies with their Khukris (heavy, curved bladed knives), and have been employed as a mercenery force by the British Army since Victorian times..
The world's tallest and most famous mountain, Mt. Everest is 29,028 feet high and the local Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary of New Zealand were first to reach the summit at 11.30 on may 29th 1953. There is the possibility however that an earlier expedition which resulted in the deaths of the climbers may have been successful. The Sherpa name for the mountain is 'Cho-Mo-Lung-Ma' which translates as 'Supreme Goddess of the Wind and Snow'.
Both the Nepalese and neighbouring Tibetans have a strong belief in the great hairy giant man of the Himalayas known as the 'Yeti'. This is a Sherpa word derived from 'Yah' for rock and 'Teh' for animal, hence an 'animal that lives in the rocks'.
Regardless of their undoubted strengths Sherpas and other high-climbing racial groups would struggle without yaks. These large hairy horny beasts are many things to many people, with a multitude of uses which far outstrip the modern day western cow. Adept at climbing and walking on snow and ice, yaks were responsible for trade between Nepal and Tibet carrying hundreds of pounds of goods at a time. Used for food and drink (meat and milk), wool clothing, ropes, sacks, blankets and tents (hair), uitensils (bone) and fuel (dung) they have been indispensable to humans in this area for thousands of years.
Nepal is not just about the biggest rocks in the world. Its valleys and lowlands have hot, humid conditions including terrain that is home to varied and dramatic wildlife, such as tigers and rhinos. These animals have been poached to near extinction in order to provide the medicines and feed the beliefs of the Chinese people across the mountains.
Nepalese People used to use Khukuri to chop their enemies and they are very sharp and made up of Metal.Nepalese British Soldier used these Khukuries in World War II in war and Its known to the world now. Laligurans (Rhodendrone) is the National Flower of Nepal and In the days of winter of Nepal it blossom in the hill area and In Nepal there are two types of Gurans (red) nationat flower (white) is as normal flower.
The flag of Nepal consists of a crimson/red base that is outlined in blue. The top triangle of Nepal's flag has a white emblem of the moon and the bottom triangle has a white emblem of the sun.The crimson/red color is a traditional Nepalese color and the blue outlined edge represents the country's peaceful nature. The two triangular portions of the Nepalese flag represent the Himalayan Mountains and the two main religions of the nation - which are Buddhism and Hinduism. The moon and sun originally represented the royal family and the prime minister's family, the Rana family. They also represent the country's desire to live as long as the sun and moon.
The Nepalese flag was adopted on December 12, 1962. The individual flags that make up the national flag had been used during the past two centuries and the double flag has been in use since the 19th century.The flag of Nepal is the only non-rectangular national flag in the world. It's believed the flag originated in the late 19th century from two triangular flags that were placed one above the other.
Mt.Everest (Sagarmatha) thehighest mountain oo Earth , as measured by the height of its summit above sea level. The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in High Asia, is located on the border betweenNepaland Tibet,China.
The Kathmandu Post - private, English-language daily
The Rising Nepal - semi-official English-language daily
Gorkhapatra - semi-official daily, Nepal's oldest newspaper
Kantipur - daily, one of the first private newspapers
Annapurna Post - daily
The Himalayan Times - English-language
The Nepali Times - English-language weekly
Nepal Television Corporation (NTV) - state-run, operates NTV and NTV Metro channels
Kantipur TV - private
Image Channel TV - private
Channel Nepal - private
Avenues TV - private
Radio Nepal - state-run, operates national and regional services
Hits FM - commercial, music-based
HBC 94 FM - operated by Himalayan Broadcasting Company
Radio Sagarmatha - FM, public, community station
Kantipur FM - commercial
Image FM - commercial
National News Agency (RSS) - state-run
nepalnews.com - private, online news
Poverty (No. of people living below $1 a day): 7.75 million (31%)
Life expectancy: 60.2 years
Literacy rates: 56% (of population age 15+), 70.5% (of net primary enrolment)
Malnutrition: 48% (of children under five)
Principal Government Officials
Prime Minister, Defense--Girija Prasad Koirala
Peace and Reconstruction--Ram Chandra Paudel
Foreign Affairs--Sahana Pradhan
Information and Communications--Krishna Bahadur Mahara
Education and Sports--Pradip Nepal
Environment, Science and Technology--Mahantha Thakur
Finance--Dr. Ram Sharan Mahat
Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs--Narendra Bikram Nembang
Home Affairs--Krishna Prasad Sitaula
Local Development--Dev Prasad Gurung
Industry, Commerce and Supplies--Rajendra Mahato
Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation--Prithvi Subba Gurung
Forest and Soil-Conservation--Matrika Prasad Yadav
Agriculture and Cooperatives--Chhabilal Biswokarma
Physical Planning and Works--Hisila Yami
Land-Reforms and Management--Jagat Bahadur Bogati
Women, Children and Social Welfare--Khadga Bahadur Biswokarma
Health and Population--Giriraj Mani Pokharel
Labour and Transport Management--Ramesh Lekhak
Water Resources--Gyanendra Bahadur Karki
General Administration--Ram Chandra Yadav
Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs--Indra Bahadur Gurung
Education--Mohan Singh Rathour Ambassador to the United States--vacant
Ambassador to the United Nations--Madhu Raman Acharya
Nepal maintains an Embassy in the United States at 2131 Leroy Place, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (Tel: 202-667-4550; fax: 202-667- 5534). The Nepalese Mission to the United Nations is at 300 E. 46th Street, New York, NY 10017 (Tel: 212-370-3988/3989